Med-arb is a hybrid form of Alternative Dispute Resolution, combining the core elements of a mediation and an arbitration together to ensure the resolution of a dispute by the end of the process. Generally subject to variations, med-arb is usually split into two phases. Parties are initially engaged in a typical mediation process, with the neutral third party acting as a facilitator to the discussion. If a settlement is not reached at the conclusion of phase one, the process transforms to that of an arbitration, with the previously facilitative third party taking up the role of an adjudicative arbitrator.